Challenges and Opportunities

After the revolution of January 25, 2011, and the democratic changes in Egypt, universities are acquiring more and more autonomy of governance and students are more and more involved in the decision-making process.

Student unions are being reelected and their role is enhanced, and also university staff unions are being reformatted, re-elected and their roles enhanced. However, it is very early to judge the outputs of such a process, but the general trend is a move towards more autonomy for universities, more involvement of students and also elections of governing bodies.

In addition, the June 2013 Egyptian protests were mass protests that occurred in Egypt on 30 June 2013, marking the one-year anniversary of Mohamed Morsi's inauguration as president, demanding the immediate resignation of him. Several marches took place from Cairo University, where clashes took place between pro and anti-Morsi. 

Several local residents told Human Rights Watch that scuffles began when marchers attacked university students holding up anti-Morsi posters. Violence escalated when residents ran to help the students and were attacked by Morsi supporters.