Common Faculty Models

  • Faculty demographics and/or trends:
    • Professors: 22,416 
    • Associate Professors: 15,023 
    • Assistant Professors: 35,301 
    • Lecturers: 25,217 
    • Instructors: 10,295 
    • Specialists: 3,865 
    • Research Assistants: 47,373
  • Typical qualifications expected of new hires: Faculty are predominantly PhD qualified, with exceptions principally relating to periods of rapid university expansion in the last millennium. Under the provisions of the 1981 Higher Education Act, a PhD is a required qualification at the Assistant Professor level or above. Candidates without a PhD cannot even be legally considered. Part-time faculty at the Instructor/Lecturer level must have at least a master’s degree, but use of such faculty is very limited, particularly in the upper-tier schools.
  • Contractual systems/administrative structures: In Turkey, most of the academicians work in public (state) universities. Within state university structure, the academic staff are mainly Turkish citizens. Foreign Professors may be contractually hired, but their numbers are very limited compared to many other nations.
  • Typical compensation practices: The Higher Education Act regulates both public and private universities, though faculty at public universities are considered civil servants with regulated salaries, whereas faculty at private universities have more market-regulated salaries.