Doctoral Studies (Doctorate, PhD or DBA)

  • Doctoral Studies
    • Doctoral degree / PhD (Doutorado)
      • Typical admissions criteria: Students who hold a technology diploma, a licenciatura diploma, a bachelor’s degree or a five-year professional diploma are qualified for admission into graduate school (pós-graduação).
      • Typical duration: 3 to 4 years to complete, and is usually a step-stone for an academic life. Doctoral degrees on the other hand normally require 4 years of full-time studies during which the degree candidate is required to complete further advanced graduate coursework, pass a doctoral qualifying exam, and submit an extensive doctoral dissertation (tese de doutorado) that must represent an original and relevant contribution to current knowledge in the field of study to which the dissertation topic belongs. The doctoral dissertation is examined in a final public oral exam administered by a panel of at least five faculty members, two of whom must be external examiners. Results from the dissertation are normally expected to be published in peer-reviewed journals, proceedings of international conferences, and/or in the form of books/book chapters.
      • Offered by (institution types): Universities
      • Statistics:
      • Additional Information: CAPES, CNPq and regional agencies fund Doctoral Studies through scholarships and grants. Postdoctoral research (pós-doutorado) is not an academic title; it usually denotes excellence in a field of knowledge acquired through supervised research after a doctorate.
    • Livre-docência
      • Typical admissions criteria: This is the highest academic qualification in Brazil, and generally requires doctoral degree.
      • Typical duration: The livre-docência is similar to a Habilitation and the level of scholarship has to be considered higher than a PhD. The livre-docência requires the candidate to write a professional thesis, based on independent scholarship.
      • Offered by (institution types): Universities
      • Statistics:
      • Additional Information: In the state universities of São Paulo, for instance (Universidade de São Paulo, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, and Universidade Estadual Paulista), the livre-docência plays an important role for a career in the academia. Although, it has become rarer and almost unused outside São Paulo, as most federal universities don’t require it anymore in order to apply for professor, with the exception of UNIFESP.