Participants—Students, Faculty, and Professional Staff

Participants (the students, faculty, and professional staff of a school) are critical to the achievement of a school's mission. Students who are matched to the expectations of degree programs—as well as prepared and supported to achieve those expectations—are essential for successful educational programs. Professional staff members facilitate and support learning and provide essential services for students and faculty. Faculty resources develop and manage curricula and teach students, as well as produce intellectual contributions that advance the knowledge, practice, and teaching of business and management. Accordingly, the following standards focus on the admission, support, and progression of students, as well as on the deployment of sufficient faculty and professional staff to support mission achievement.

> Standard 4
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In identifying faculty resources, a school should focus on the participation and work of faculty members. Faculty contractual relationships, title, tenure status, full-time or part-time status, etc., can help to explain and document the work of faculty, but these factors are not perfectly correlated with participation or with the most critical variables in assessing faculty sufficiency, deployment, and qualifications. What is most important is that the production and maintenance of faculty's intellectual capital (as framed in Standard 15) bring currency and relevance to a business school's programs and support its mission, expected outcomes, and strategies.

These standards also recognize that with the advent of different program delivery models, certain responsibilities once managed exclusively by those traditionally considered "faculty" may now be shared or managed by others. That is, developing curricula, creating instructional materials, delivering classroom lectures regardless of the medium, tutoring small groups of students, conducting and grading student papers, etc., may be conducted by traditional faculty, by nontraditional faculty, or by a team of diverse individuals. Regardless of the blend of faculty and other key members of the business school's team, the critical issue is ensuring quality outcomes. Therefore, the school under review must make its case that its division of labor across faculty and staff, as well as its supporting policies, procedures, and infrastructure, deliver high-quality learning outcomes in the context of the teaching/learning models it employs. In addition, the school must ensure that faculty and professional staff members are sufficient to support research outcomes and other mission-related activities, and that policies, procedures, and feedback mechanisms exist to provide evidence that all participants in these activities produce outcomes of quality and embrace continuous improvement. Where there are problems, evidence of corrective actions is essential.